The Nobel Peace Prize is a prestigious international award awarded to scientists and thinkers with the most outstanding achievements in specific fields. It was invented by the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel in 1895 AD, as Nobel allocated most of his fortune to be prizes given to scientists who provide a benefit to humanity. The award is a gold medal, a sum of money, and a certificate.
The ceremonies for awarding prizes are linked to the anniversary of Nobel’s death and are held every year. The awards began for the first time on the fifth anniversary of the death of the Nobel inventor, on the 10th of the 12th of the year 1901 AD.
This award is granted to scientists, inventors and innovators in 5 fields: physics, chemistry, medicine or physiology, literature, and peace. The field of economics was added to make the number of fields 6 in 1968, the Bank of Sweden added this field. Prior to his death, Nobel had recommended the adoption of 4 institutions to award prizes, 3 of which should be Swedish and the other Norwegian.
The Nobel Foundation was established to administer the four institutions, and accordingly the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm awarded prizes in the fields of physics, chemistry, and economics, and the Karolinska Institutet awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology, and the Swedish Academy awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature The Norwegian Nobel Committee in Oslo awards the Nobel Peace Prize.
Women did not miss the dazzling presence at the Nobel Prize. Below we show you the 10 most famous women who won the Nobel Peace Prize.
Eleanor Ostrom: Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Economics
Frances Arnold (1959):
They received the award for their pioneering studies of the structure and function of the ribosome.
Barbara McClintock: Solo Nobel Peace Prize in Medicine
Maria Mayer: Nobel Peace Prize in Physics
Selma Lagerlöf: First winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in Literature